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    Eating Disorders and Self-harm

    Eating Disorders

    Boys, girls, men and women from all backgrounds and ethnic groups can be affected by eating disorders. Eating disorders are complex. It is possible to have a mixture of anorexia, bulimia or binge eating disorder.

    Eating disorders can be a way of coping with feelings or situations that are making you unhappy, angry, depressed, anxious or worried.

    Anorexia

    This is where people keep their body weight low by not eating, using laxatives or excessively exercising; have a distorted image of themselves, thinking they are fat when they are not. The long term effects are:

    • Physical effects of starvation.
    • In children, puberty is delayed and growth and physical development stunted.
    • Thinning and weakening of bones (osteoporosis).
    • Purging can result in erosion of the tooth enamel.
    • Difficult conceiving, infertility.

    Bulimia

    Caught in a cycle of over eating large quantities of food (called binging), and then vomiting, taking laxatives or diuretics (called purging) in order to prevent gaining weight. The effects are:

    • Tiredness, bloating, constipation, abdominal pain, irregular periods, swelling of the hands and feet.
    • Excessive vomiting can cause problems and laxative misuse can seriously affect the heart.
    • Vomiting can result in erosion of the tooth enamel.

    Binge Eating Disorder

    A person consumes very large quantities of food over a short period of time (called binging), often eating when they aren’t hungry. It is not about eating extra-large portions. Binges are usually planned like a ritual and can involve buying "special" binge foods. Binge Eating Disorder sufferers struggle with:

    • Low self esteem
    • Lack of confidence
    • Depression
    • Anxiety

    The long term effects are:

    • Overweight / Obese
    • High blood pressure
    • High cholesterol
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Heart disease

    Whether your eating difficulties began recently, you’ve been struggling for a while or you’re finding yourself relapsing, you deserve support to help you overcome your eating disorder.

    If you would like help or support with your eating disorder, you can speak to the safeguarding team, located near G17 / ICT Technicians Workroom, or talk to your PYL or AYL who will inform Safeguarding staff. Referrals to the school counsellor & school nurse can be made for additional support.

    If you would like further information on support available regarding Eating Disorders, the websites below can help;

    SYEDA
    http://www.syeda.org.uk/

    NHS Choices
    http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Eating-disorders/Pages/Introduction.aspx

    BEAT
    0345 634 7650
    https://www.b-eat.co.uk/

    Young Minds
    www.youngminds.org.uk/

     

    Self-harm

    Young people self-harm for a number of reasons, but the most common is to help them cope with their feelings or state of mind. This is learnt 'coping strategy' and helps people feel calmer, in control, relief, release and better. Usually, something has happened that makes people hurt themselves in the first place, this can be something that has affected how you feel, such as;

    • Bullying
    • Abuse (physical, emotional or sexual)
    • Neglect
    • Family difficulties
    • Boyfriend / girlfriend troubles
    • Housing
    • Loneliness
    • Someone you know dying
    • Pressures from school / college
    • Drug or alcohol problems
    • Eating disorders
    • Family money problems

    Speaking to someone you know may help a teacher or a parent. It can be good to speak to a friend, but sometimes they may find it hard to understand or struggle with it on their own.

    A counsellor is available in school, a referral can be made by Miss King, Assistant to Designated Safeguarding Officer. There is also a drop in counselling service available Tuesday and Thursday lunchtime. 

    You can speak to the safeguarding team, located near G17 / ICT Technicians Workroom, or talk to your PYL or AYL who will inform Safeguarding staff.

    If you would like further information on support available regarding Self Harm, the websites below can help.

    Young Minds
    www.youngminds.org.uk/

    ChildLine
    Telephone 0800 1111
    www.childline.org.uk

    Harmless
    http://www.harmless.org.uk/

    Samaritans
    Telephone (01709) 361717
    http://www.samaritans.org/

    Youth Start Counselling

    Youth Start Counselling
    Eric Manns Building
    45 Moorgate Street
    Rotherham
    South Yorkshire
    S60 2RB

    Telephone (01709) 255266